The census figures for 2011 which were released on Thursday showed that Nizamabad retained its top position with regard to the sex ratio in the State with 1,038 females for every 1,000 males. In 2001, the sex ratio in the district was 1,017.
Behind Nizamabad were Vizianagaram and Srikakulam districts with 1,016 (1,009 in 2001) and 1,014 (same in 2001) females, respectively. The sex ratio of females was more than 1,000 in 11 districts. The lowest sex ratio was recorded in Hyderabad with 943 females, while Ranga Reddy and Mahbubnagar had 955 and 975 females, respectively, for 1,000 males.
Pressure on Hyderabad
The pressure on the population of Hyderabad and adjoining Ranga Reddy district has gone up several fold due to migration from other districts in the last decade. The census figures showed that Ranga Reddy had overtaken East Godavari in terms of population with a decadal growth rate of 48.15 per cent. Ranga Reddy topped the table with a population of 52.96 lakh, while East Godavari was second with 51.51 lakh persons. On the other hand, West Godavari recorded the lowest growth of 3.45 per cent.
The density of population was found to be the highest in Hyderabad with 18,480 persons per square km., against 17,649 persons in 2001. Ranga Reddy had only 707 persons per sq. km, while the lowest in the category was Adilabad with 170 persons per sq. km. The density was equally low at 175 and 188 persons in Khammam and Kadapa districts, respectively.
The literacy rate was the highest in Hyderabad at 80.96 per cent (percentage of literates to total population above 7 years of age). Ranga Reddy accounted for 78.05 per cent and Krishna 74.37 per cent in the category.
The proportion of child population in the age group 0 to 6 to total population was the highest in Kurnool at 11.79 per cent.
The lowest was Karimnagar with a percentage of 8.47.
These children who number 86.42 lakh are by definition excluded for the purpose of arriving at the number of literates who constitute 5.14 crore.
Source from Hindu
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